The requirements of knowing how mange occurs cannot be stressed too highly. Mange is caused by miniature mites that live in the animal's fur, and the female mange mite will dig into the skin of the animal in order to lay her eggs. This can cause an unwanted reaction in the dog or cat, and leads to persistent irritation and suffering as well as other symptoms that we will look at later. The mites themselves have a life span of a short period but they reproduce at a rapid rate. It is when the number of mites increases rapidly that the pet can become susceptible to mange.
What are Ear Mites? Ear mites are miniscule insects that exist on the blood and nutrients found in an animal's skin; they appear as, when magnified, crabs and have legs that hook on to the host with some strength. Very hard to remove, the mite is a notably horrible creature that can bring displeasure to a much-loved family pet.
Unlike ordinary mites, the parasite behind this type of mange is large enough to be visible to the naked eye. Due to large size of cheyletiella mites, your dog can feel them walking on their skin, so infestation can be very itchy. This skin disease is highly contagious. Dogs can definitely get it from contact with other infected animals.
Infected skin areas may be covered with dandruff. When the parasites behind the problem move around, they tend to drag the dandruff with them. And because of that, this mange kind is also termed as walking dandruff. Infection may not only be from one animal to another animal. Humans may also acquire it. But our skin is simply not favorable for the cheyletiella mites. The worse that the infection may cause is a few days of skin redness and itchiness.
These parasites cause your cat or dog to get reddened, inflamed or swollen ears. They can infect the middle ear, which throws off their balance. They may start to walk in circle or may not be able to walk at all. Pets with this condition will scratch their ears and shake their heads a lot as if trying to shake the bugs out.
There is a relatively easy way to treat this condition without having to take your sick pet to the veterinarian. You can confirm that your pet has the parasites by looking inside the infected area for blood or puss. The animal may also be showing signs of a fever or a lethargic attitude. Once you have determined that they are present, you can use mineral oil to kill them.
These mites spread very easily from one animal to another and, if there are more than one animal in a house, they should also be examined to see if they have this same problem. Living in the ear canal, they live on ear wax and sometimes blood in that area. When chewing up this material they produce a brown, crumbly, coffee-like material. After removing this from the ear, careful examination will show small, white mites. They are as small as a typed period.